Quick reference to qmail operations.
Check qmail services with daemontools svstat utility:
# cd /service # svstat qmail-*
The output shows the installed qmail services are supervise'd and running.
Stop all qmail services:
# svc -d /service/qmail-*
Start all qmail services:
# svc -u /service/qmail-*
Stop/restart all qmail services:
# svc -du /service/qmail-*
Sometimes it may be necessary to stop/start a particular qmail service, or set of selected services, for maintenance, migration, etc.:
# cd /service # svc -d qmail-smtpd qmail-pop3d
Whenever the control/locals or control/virtualdomains control files are modified, send the qmail-send service a HUP signal:
# svc -h /service/qmail-send
These are the only two control files reloaded with a SIGHUP. Other qmail-send control files --bouncefrom, bouncehost, doublebouncehost, doublebounceto, etc.-- are reloaded only by stopping and restarting the qmail-send service:
# svc -t /service/qmail-send
Of course, restarting qmail-send will reload the locals and virtualdomains control files also.
qmail includes a couple utilities to check the queue. To get a summary report, use qmail-qstat. To get a more detailed listing, use qmail-qread.
Alternatively, set up a qmail-qstat service, then use the qstat client to check the queue of a local or remote server.
To see a listing of remote hosts that have a time-out flag, use the qmail-tcpto utility.
To attempt immediate delivery for messages in the queue, give the qmail-send service an ALRM signal:
# svc -a /service/qmail-send
qmail also sets a time-out flag for remote hosts on which the connection attempt timed-out. Once the time-out flag is set, qmail waits one hour before retrying another delivery to that IP address. The ALRM signal will make qmail retry these hosts too, but only after the time-out flag has expired.
To clear any time-out flags set for remote hosts, and to retry immediate delivery for all messages in the queue, first run the qmail-tcpok utility:
# /var/qmail/bin/qmail-tcpok # svc -a /service/qmail-send
#!/bin/sh # qkick: reset time-out flags and re-run the queue # === /var/qmail/bin/qmail-tcpok && /command/svc -a /service/qmail-send ### that's all, folks!
Copyright © 2004, Wayne Marshall.
All rights reserved.
Last edit 2004.09.03, wcm.